Strong scientific publishing year for Smart Innovation Norway’s Research & Innovation team

During 2019, Smart Innovation Norway’s Research & Innovation team has succeeded in publishing scientific articles on various topics of high interest in the energy domain. Our researchers have targeted eminent international publishing arenas.

By Dr. Iliana Ilieva, December 16, 2019

At the prestigious CIRED conference (The 25th international conference and exhibition on electricity distribution) held in Madrid, Smart Innovation Norway was main author of two papers that were met with high interest by the audience. In the paper DSOs as beneficiaries of innovative contracts and services, facilitated through local electricity market structures Smart Innovation Norway’s Dr. Iliana Ilieva has collaborated with Skagerak Nett’s civil engineer Eivind Gramme. The paper focuses on innovative contracts and services that a DSO would find attractive given it can utilise the flexibility offered through a local electricity market environment. The contracting and service delivery has been facilitated through a local system operator (LSO) – an entity responsible for the local market trade and optimisation. Using a pilot-based approach (based on SkagerakEnergiLab and the E-REGIO project) to verify the contract’ implementation as an instrument to meet the needs of the grid operators, the paper’s presentation at CIRED faced great success.

Not less successful was the other CIRED paper written by a team of Smart Innovation Norway researchers: Heidi Tuiskula, Sanket Puranik, Iliana Ilieva and Christian Kunze. Titled Identification and validation of new business models for DSO business environment using business model canvas and stakeholder groups, the paper discusses new methodology that is being tested within the RESOLVD project. Furthermore, Tuiskula has been collaborating with a number of RESOLVD project partners for yet another CIRED 2019 paper: RESOLVD – Renewable penetration levered by efficient low voltage distribution grids. Specifcations and use case analysis. The paper presents the analysis methodology – which follows the Smart Grid Architecture Model (SGAM) framework paradigm, along with the identified use cases and actors. The research in this CIRED paper has been motivated by business models and the expected impacts are well summarized.

In addition, Smart Innovation Norway’s Research & Innovation (R&I) team has been targeting renowned scientific journals. The paper Bringing business and societal impact together in an evolving energy sector focuses on the compound influence that total social impact (TSI) may have within the energy domain. Referring to experiences from the Horizon 2020 funded project INVADE, the paper concludes that business models which incorporate environmentally friendly, local and social and fair energy are capable of accelerating business growth. This paper, authored by Ilieva, B. Bremdal and Puranik, was presented at the ICEEEP 2019 conference in Portugal and was consequently published in the Journal of Clean Energy Technologies.

Another journal publication on Smart Innovation Norway’s side is to become a reality later in December 2019, with the December edition of the Journal of Energy Markets. There, Ilieva collaborates with professor Steven A. Gabriel from the University of Maryland on an interesting topic discussing, as the title goes, “The impact of end-user market integration and smart grid on electricity retailers”. Here the authors investigate how recent trends in the energy sector influence the market behaviour of electricity retail companies, and particularly the effect on the retailers’ price mark-ups and profits.

Further on, Smart Innovation Norway’s researchers Ilieva and Bremdal worked together with partners from the E-REGIO project to write the paper Local energy markets as a solution for increased energy efficiency and flexibility, that was presented at the 1st Nordic Conference on Zero Emission and Plus Energy Buildings. Bringing state-of-the-art research and practical experiences from the E-REGIO project pilot, the paper provoked interest and was later published in the IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science.

Impressively, Smart Innovation Norway’s Christian Kunze has been involved in a joint research effort that resulted in two publications at the Institute for Energy Economics and Financial Analysis (IEEFA). The first one is Electric vehicles and batteries can drive growth of residential solar and is authored by Gerard Wynn, Christian Kunze and Arjun Flora. The report assesses the prospects for residential solar, batteries and electric vehicles (EVs) in Britain and Germany based on detailed simulation models. Main findings are that solar feed-in tariffs and higher retail power prices in Germany result in far shorter payback periods for residential solar systems compared to Britain. Smart devices like heat pumps can nearly halve the payback period for solar system installations in Britain. Furthermore, combined solar-battery-EV systems could quickly become an obvious choice for households with available roof-space and EV home-charging if the cost reduction assumptions of the authors bear out. The second IEEFA report, Steering by the Southern sun – how Australians are missing a trick on solar-powered electric vehicles is authored by the same research team of Wynn, Kunze and Flora, together with Simon Nicholas. The report assesses EV policies in European countries in comparison to Australia. Based on their findings, the authors propose the implementation of cost-effective EV policies in Australia that would be far less generous than those in some countries today such as, e.g., Norway. Australian motorists could charge their EVs with self-generated solar power, and achieve a payback on a combined solar, battery and EV system of around five years, compared with purchasing a conventional gasoline-fuelled car and continuing to draw household electricity from the grid. Payback periods are expected to fall to 2 years in 2025, and to zero by 2030.

Finally, it should be noted that during 2019 our skilled researchers have been invited to co-author various scientific articles and even a book. In the chapter Micro Markets in Microgrids, part of the book Micro and Local Power Markets, Bremdal and Ilieva discuss trading regimes and services that characterize a micro market concept. The authors identify various archetype models that can support price‐based allocation of energy and flexibility in microgrids. These models are assessed according to ownership, control structures, and other relevant features.

We can look back to 2019 and be proud of the scientific accomplishments of Smart Innovation Norway’s R&I team. In addition to extensive efforts related to project progress and reporting, our researchers have managed to publish a good amount of scientific work, that contributes towards making the way to a more climate-friendly world. The R&I team has already produced several paper abstracts for 2020 and will continue the good scientific publishing work. You can find out more about Smart Innovation Norway’s recent scientific publishing activities HERE.